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Essay For All is the best destination to find best quality pediatrics neonatal care nursing assignment help. Babies who need neonatal care are mostly those who bone prematurely, with low birth weight, or may have a specific medical condition that needs the attention of health practitioners. Neonatologists operate in newborn intensive care units in hospitals or special care nurseries. Various factors raise a newborn’s risk of getting admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit.
Some of them are maternal factors such as; diabetes, high blood pressure, alcohol abuse, limited or excess amniotic fluid, sexually transmitted disease, bleeding, and multiple pregnancies. Delivery factors like cesarean delivery, wrapping the umbilical cord around the baby’s neck, breech birth, or fetal distress.
Baby factors can also push for the need for a neonatal intensive care unit. Choose our credible tutors for the best online pediatrics neonatal care nursing assignment help services and professional guidance.
Different levels of neonatal care
There are different levels of neonatal care depending on the level of specialist care they offer or the nature of care a facility provides to the newborn.
According to Essay For All expert writers, level I of the neonatal area is commonly known as the well-baby nursery. The facility is equipped enough to offer neonatal resuscitation at every delivery. Some of the processes performed at this level include evaluation and offering post-natal care to healthy newborn infants.
It also entails stabilization and offering neonatal care to infants between the ages of 35 and 37 weeks and is seen as psychologically stable. At this level, there is a need to have various health practitioners like neonatal nurses, pediatricians, nurse practitioners, and family physicians to ensure the delivery of the best quality care with improved decision-making affecting the overall wellness of the infant and their parents.
Level II units in neonatal care, commonly identified as special care nursery, serves almost the same as level I. some of the health practitioners who cooperate to ensure the delivery of professional services include neonatal nurse practitioners, neonatologists, and pediatric hospitalists, together with the professionals in the level I unit. Special care nursery delivers care to infants born at 32 and above weeks and weighing about 1500 grams but with some physiologic immaturity.
Infants receiving this attention may have minor health conditions that require a short while to resolve. Level II unit also entails offering mechanical ventilation or continuous positive airway pressure. For more insights about the care services in level II, seek our online pediatrics neonatal care nursing homework help services.
Level III is commonly identified as the neonatal intensive care unit. Specialists required in this unit are not limited to advanced practice registered nurses, nurse practitioners, family physicians, neonatal nurse practitioners, neonatologists, and pediatric hospitalists, among others. The everyday activities performed in level III units are;
- Offering infants comprehensive care at all gestational stages and birth weights associated with a critical illness.
- Availing sustained life support to the infants
- Offering a full range of respiratory support such as inhaled nitric oxide, high-frequency, and conventional ventilation.
- Conduct advanced imaging and offer related interpretations urgently
Level IV according to our pediatrics neonatal care assignment help
It is the regional neonatal intensive care unit. It requires having very experienced experts who can also perform pediatric surgical procedures. Visit our online pediatric neonatal care nursing assignment help services for in-depth information about the level IV unit.
Medical tests, scans, and care performed in a neonatal care practice
While in a pediatric neonatal care unit, a child may receive several medical tests, scans, and care depending on their underlying condition. However, the neonatal team needs close monitoring of the child to understand how the baby responds to the care they receive.
Medical tests are critical as they help the neonatal team make necessary decisions about the type of treatment to use or any need for additional care or reference of the baby to another hospital. Tests and procedures rely on the baby’s health requirements. The neonatal team must be available to minimize the baby’s discomfort or pain. According to our professional pediatrics neonatal care nursing assignment helpers, procedures performed in a neonatal care unit vary from;
Blood tests apply in determining various complications in the body. Apart from transporting nutrients, oxygen, waste products, and chemical substances, the baby’s blood also helps fight against infections. Hence, an assessment of the baby’s blood may confirm any availability of disorders. The common site of extracting blood samples from a baby is pricking the heel or back of the hand. Blood tests look for sugar levels, blood gases, white blood cells, platelets,
Sugar levels based on Essay For All expers
Since blood also transports sugar, blood tests help determine if the child’s blood sugar regulation is expected or if some abnormalities need medical attention. Babies inheriting diabetes genes from their parents or those born to diabetic mothers may phase challenges in controlling their blood sugar levels and hence require close monitoring by a health specialist.
With the transportation role of the blood, some tests require measuring blood gases level in the blood. Blood carries oxygen from the body to the lungs for oxygenation while supplying oxygenated blood from the lungs to other body parts. Test of blood gases helps in determining the breathing rate of a child and the operation of the different body parts.
According to Essay For All tutors, the body requires adequate platelets to control bleeding. Sick or premature babies may suffer from a low count of platelets. That is why it is essential to measure platelet levels in the blood to know if there is a need for a blood transfusion to improve the life quality of a child.
Vision and hearing tests
When growing up, a baby may suffer from vision and hearing impairments that can be addressed effectively while still young. However, such cases are more frequent among babies with premature births. That is why neonatal care specialists insist on the need of performing hearing and sight tests.
Essay For All professionals also encourage performing tests for retinopathy of prematurity, especially if a baby is born below 1500g or before the age of 32 weeks. The severity of the condition on the eye development and functioning makes the test essential. Some approaches used in performing hearing and vision tests are magnetic resonance imaging, scans, ultrasound, and x-ray.
Newborn genetic screening
Genetic diseases are commonly passed from the parent to the offspring. If a parent suffered or has a history of genetic conditions like diabetes, and sickle-cell anemia, among others, a child, while still in neonatal care, may receive genetic screening to assess for any possibility of an inherited health condition. According to our pediatric neonatal care nursing assignment helpers, newborn screening comprises a set of laboratory tests done on newborn babies to identify a set of known genetic disorders.
It happens especially when the baby is two to three days old. Early diagnosis of any genetic disease can help in treatment or prevention and support quality of life as the baby grows. Early medical intervention also helps in countering severe and permanent or irreversible disability.
Lumbar puncture procedure
Based on Essay For All skilled tutors, a lumbar puncture collects cerebrospinal fluid surrounding the spinal cord and the brain. The procedure is essential in assessing the possibility of a baby having meningitis, a serious and life-threatening health condition. A lumbar puncture procedure can detect bleeding around the spine and the brain. Lumbar puncture is never a comfortable procedure, and neonatal care specialists should try various ways of calming down the baby.
The procedure entails a neonatal care practitioner using a sterile approach and cleaning the baby’s skin on the lower back with a special cleaning solution while holding the baby in a curled position. Lumbar punctures are mostly safe with low complications risk. From our online pediatrics neonatal care nursing assignment help notes, the primary investigations performed on the collected cerebrospinal fluid sample are;
- Biochemical analysis for measuring sugar and protein levels or any marker for metabolic disorder.
- Culture and microscopy to assess for fungal, viral, or bacterial infection
Preparation for lumbar puncture
When preparing to conduct a lumbar puncture, various pieces of equipment are required to facilitate the procedure. According to our pediatrics neonatal care nursing homework doers, the kit includes;
- Ampoule of sterile water
- Antiseptic solution
- Basic dressing pack
- Sterile scissors
- Sterile plastic drape
- Sterile gloves
- Sterile gown pack
- Clean trolley
- Lumbar puncture needle
- Sterile pack of three CSF collection tubes
However, the pediatric neonatal care specialist should; inform the parents about the procedure and assure them that all will be well. The process should happen in a warmed, draught-free area with good lighting. There should be readily available or accessible resuscitation equipment in perfect working condition.
The neonatal specialist should ensure the child has not been fed in the past hour. According to our tutors, conducting cardiorespiratory and oxygen saturation monitoring is vital during and after the procedure. If the infant experiences pain, some of the possible options to consider are;
- Intravenous bolus dose or morphine infusion
- Subcutaneous infiltration of lignocaine
- Using oral sucrose
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