You can get Developmental Psychology Nursing Assignment Help from our seasoned tutors at Essay For All. Change is inevitable in human society and development. Generally, development psychology is a scientific model used to explain growth, change, and consistency throughout the human lifespan. For instance, developmental psychology focuses on how various aspects, such as thoughts, behavior, and feelings, change as a person grows from one single level to another. Most developmental psychology theories emphasize development during childhood since various changes characterize this stage.
As a result, it studies a wide range of theoretical areas like social, emotional, biological, and cognitive processes within the human developmental phases. Human life encompasses different developmental stages, where humans grow and adapt uniquely. It seeks to unveil a better understanding of human development through different stages and how individuals discover better ways to maximize their potential. The various goals of developmental psychology include the following:
- Optimization of development
Description of development focuses on physical patterns through normative developments and individual differences in change patterns. Development has some typical pathways common in most people. However, two people cannot be alike. For this reason, developmental psychologists strive to explain the changes they have observed in a person based on normative processes and individual variations. The final goal of developmental psychology is development optimization by leveraging theories to help people in real-life scenarios.
So, developmental psychology focuses on multi-faceted development and changes in physical, cognitive, social, intellectual, perceptual, emotional, and personality. Equally important, developmental psychology is vital in our understanding of how people learn, mature, and adapt. The entire human life consists of various developmental stages as people transition from one stage to another. The American Psychological Association (APA) describes developmental psychology as studying human growth and changes across their lifespan.
Developmental psychology theories
Initially, developmental psychology was centered on child psychology. However, its scope has broadened over the years. Thus, today it focuses on every stage of human growth. For instance, it examines human development from infancy to old age. Developmental psychology theories concentrate on children’s development and how such changes affect them later in life. Throughout the years, psychologists have continued researching this area to understand the distinct features characterizing human growth. This has, in turn, led to the development of multiple theories offering insights into different factors impacting child development. In addition, these theories focus on aspects likely to maximize human potential while minimizing possible developmental setbacks. Some of the dominant theories in this field include the following:
- Erik Erikson first developed the psychosocial development theory. Generally, this school of thought outlined that growth from infancy to adulthood occurs through eight unique stages. Each stage offers an existential dilemma that people go through to acquire positive life virtues. Unfortunately, failure to resolve any of these dilemmas can cause adverse setbacks, likely to influence a person’s growth and development. The theory is based on social interactions and conflicts arising during each development stage.
- Psychosexual development theory, developed by Sigmund Freud, outlined that a person’s experience at different childhood stages directly affects their behavior and personality in their later life stages. Psychosexual development outline five development stages. Each step comprises particular tensions between the conscious and unconscious. Freud believed that when a child passes through each stage, development culminates in a healthy personality when such persons reach adulthood.
- Attachment theory was developed by John Bowlby, which primarily centered on the necessity of early meaningful relationships in a child’s development. This theory outline that these relationships are crucial in assisting a child in developing an attachment with people, places, things, etc. Consequently, these attachments influence development patterns throughout a child’s life. It also reiterates that the need for a child to form an attachment develops naturally in a child as a survival mechanism.
- Social learning theory is another developmental psychology to help understand how children develop through various phases. The theory argues that a child develops through modelling and simple observation. So, this theory argues that development is achievable by adhering to instructions on what to do and particular acceptable behaviors
A detailed description of developmental psychology, according to our Developmental Psychology Nursing Assignment Help tutors at Essay For All
Change is part and parcel of human development since humans grow continually throughout their lifespans. Developmental psychologists seek to understand and explain how and why people change throughout their lives. Some of these changes are normal but can also affect someone adversely. Normative development principles help psychologists identify developmental challenges and offer prompt interventions to enhance outcomes. Developmental psychologists also work with people of all ages to mitigate barriers to growth and development. It emphasizes how individuals grow and change with time. So, developmental psychologists are concerned with emotional, social, and cognitive development from early childhood to later adulthood. Thus, they can be vital in addressing the following problems:
- Cognitive development during childhood to adulthood
- Learning disabilities and developmental challenges
- Emotional development
- Motor skills development
- Moral reasoning
- Personality development
- Social and cultural influences
The above list shows that developmental psychologists can assist in addressing various developmental challenges. They usually monitor and observe how developmental stages occur under normal circumstances. They also examine potential factors likely to impact developmental stages negatively. A detailed understanding of how and why people change and grow makes it possible for developmental psychologists to assist people in living to their full potential. Equally important, a comprehensive understanding of the typical human development and recognizing potential challenges early enough mitigate the risks of depression, low self-esteem, frustrations, and other disappointments in life.
Developmental stages, as outlined by our Developmental Psychology Nursing Assignment Helpers at Essay For All
Development psychologists usually segment development based on various life phases. Each of the steps depicts a milestone with different achievements. However, each stage comprises further complications demanding developmental psychologists’ intervention. The stages include the following:
- The prenatal developmental phase assists psychologists who seek to ascertain how the earliest development influences affect later growth in childhood development. During this stage, psychologists may examine primary reflexes before birth, the fetus’s response to stimuli in the womb, and the fetus’s sensations
- Early childhood characterizes the period from infancy through early childhood. The period is a remarkable growth period. As a result, it assesses the physical, cognitive, and emotional growth during this phase
- Other stages include middle childhood, adolescence, early adulthood, middle adulthood, and older adults
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