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Book Essay For All professional tutors for grade one DSM 5 nursing assignment help services. DSM 5, fifth edition, is the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Mental health issues are a global threat in the health sector. An increasing number of people daily are diagnosed with mental disorders. There are still other cases that are not diagnosed but are related to mental illness.
Diagnosing mental health conditions is very important to understand the underlying issue affecting a person. Some mental disorders have related symptoms. Hence, a psychologist can recommend the wrong intervention because of misdiagnosis. However, the DSM 5 is a new way through which health practitioners can diagnose mental health illnesses. The tool is effective enough to diagnose more than 70 disorders.
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The main components of DSM 5
There are three main components of the DSM 5, which encompass the following;
- The diagnostic classification
- The diagnostic criteria sets
- The descriptive text
According to Essay For All Professionals, the diagnostic classification of the DSM 5 contains the official list of mental disorders. Every diagnosis entails a diagnostic code used by agencies, institutions, and individual providers for billing and data collection. The International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, and Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) is the main source of the used diagnostic codes.
Diagnostic criteria sets
When reviewing the DSM 5, a diagnostic criteria set outlines the symptoms that must be present, among other additional symptoms, to confirm a diagnosis. The involvement of the diagnostic criteria sets helps increase the reliability of any performed diagnosis, especially when a suspected disorder has related symptoms like other mental health illnesses. The sets are specifically designed for trained personnel handling people struggling with mental health disorders.
Each mental health disorder outlined in DSM 5 has a descriptive text. The text offers additional information on every disorder of various aspects, unlimited to following;
- Differential diagnosis
- Functional consequences
- Association with suicidal thoughts or behavior
- Sex and gender-related diagnostic issues
- Risk and prognostic factors
- Development and course
- Associated features
- Diagnostic features
- Recording procedures
Mental disorders concept
According to our DSM 5 nursing assignment help tutors, a mental disorder is a health condition that impairs a person’s emotional regulation, cognition, or behavior. In most cases, the disorder is characterized by an impaired functioning of important body parts. Mental disorders are commonly known as mental health conditions. Good mental health is very important for the proper functioning of an individual.
However, there are many possible triggers of mental disorders among people. Some people fear stepping out in public to seek medical attention for their respective mental health disorders. People of any religion, ethnicity, race, social status, income, geographical location, gender, or age can be affected by mental health disorders. Diagnosis of mental health illnesses is very important.
History of the DSM
There are very many types of mental health diseases. That is why many decades ago, there has been a demand for the classification of diseases for easier identification and treatment. Before the DSM 5, different classifications existed above 2000 years ago. However, some of the classification systems were very shallow and would not offer comprehensive information in a simplified way. For instance, some of the classifications only had limited diagnostic categories.
Different administrative settings, research, and clinical context also resulted in the development of varying classifications for mental disorders. The DSM 5 started in 2000. It is an outcome of collaborating with different workgroups with the same agenda. The groups developed hundreds of journal articles, monographs, and white papers, creating a summary of psychiatric diagnoses.
Classification of disorders on the DSM 5
DSM 5 classifies mental disorders into five main categories which are;
The American Psychiatric Association in DSM defines Neurocognitive disorders as syndromes characterized by an acquired decline in cognitive functioning. It can be caused by advancement in age or when a person losses their mental abilities. Neurocognitive disorders affect a person’s cognition. Not all of the disorders can affect the ability of a person to manage their daily activities independently.
However, when Neurocognitive disorders advance to late stages, a person may require close support to handle most of their routine activities. An example of a Neurocognitive disorder is dementia. Once a person develops dementia, they suffer decline or impaired problem-solving, thinking abilities, and memory. Parkinson’s disease is another common neurogenerative disorder that can cause physical disabilities. According to our professional DSM 5 nursing homework doers, some of the factors that affect the type of neurogenerative disorder a person develops are;
- Substance abuse
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Endocrine conditions
- Metabolic conditions
Based on the DSM 5 classification, various types of externalizing disorders exist. Some of the characteristics of externalizing disorders are; inattention, impulsivity, aggression, and rule-breaking. It is common among children and adolescents. Late treatment of the disorder may result in serious health complications while the affected child grows into adulthood. There are various ways through which parents should handle children displaying externalizing behavior. Some of the disorders are;
- Substance use disorder
- Intermittent explosive disorder
- Antisocial personality disorder
- Conduct disorder
- Oppositional defiant disorder
- Attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder
Symptoms associated with externalizing disorders are;
- Deliberate fire setting
- Property destruction
- Physical aggression toward animals and people
- Excessive verbal aggression
According to our proficient DSM 5 nursing assignment help tutors, internalizing disorders are the kind of mental health complications characterized by high levels of negativity. Once people develop the disorder, they are vulnerable to complications such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety disorders, and depressive disorders. Some of the behaviors related to internalizing disorders are;
- Feeling unwanted or unloved
- Feeling sad
- Feeling lonely
- Feeling afraid
- Irritability or nervousness
The symptoms’ inward characteristics make the disorder known as ‘internalizing .’It disrupts a person’s internal mental or psychological environment. Never confuse internalizing and externalizing disorder. For more clarification, seek our online DSM 5 nursing assignment help services.
Neurodevelopmental disorders refer to a group of mental disorders that impair the nervous system’s development. It also alters the neurological development of a person. The outcomes of the abnormality include emotional, cognitive, and social functioning. Examples of mental illnesses in this category are attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder. Other types of neurodevelopmental disorders are;
- Neurodevelopmental motor disorders
- Learning disorders
- Intellectual disabilities
- Conduct disorders
- Communication disorders
- Cerebral palsy
Most people diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders are females because of factors such as biology and genetics. The symptoms of neurodevelopmental disorders are unlimited to impaired;
- Social skills
- Motor skills
Due to the many types of mental health disorders, the DSM 5 has another category of classification that contains other types of mental health illnesses. Get a copy of our DSM 5 nursing assignment help notes for more information.
Fundamental sections of DSM 5
After the modification of the DSM-IV, there are three main sections in DSM 5; sections I, II, and III. The first section is more of an introduction, while section II comprises diagnostic criteria and codes. This section covers the various neurodevelopmental disorders initially known as mental retardation. Some of the addressed types of mental disorders under section 2 are unlimited to ;
- Sleep-wake disorders
- Elimination disorders
- Eating and feeding disorders
- Somatic symptoms and related disorders
- Dissociative disorders
- Anxiety disorders
- Depressive disorders
- Bipolar disorders
- Trauma and stress-related disorders
On the other hand, section three of the DSM 5 addresses emerging measures and models for assessing mental health symptoms. There are various research techniques and tools that facilitate the process. For any professional support, ask for our top-notch DSM 5 nursing homework help solutions.
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