Essay For All offers top-notch quality DSM-5 Nursing Assignment Help to students who need professional help with their coursework. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) is a guide for diagnosing mental disorders by healthcare professionals globally. In countries like the United States, it influences care received by millions of people with mental health issues. Generally, clinicians use DSM to accurately and consistently diagnose various disorders affecting moods, personality, identity, cognition, and more.
Unfortunately, the DSM manual does not address treatment or medications. It was published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and has undergone a series of updates to align with the current mental health issues and cases. One major significance of the DSM is its crucial role in standardizing diagnosis by psychiatrists, social workers, psychologists, nurses, and other health professionals. In addition, it also does the following roles:
- The DSM model informs research and public health policy
- Secondly, the framework is critical in education
- It also informs reimbursement systems and forensic science
The DSM – 5 offers the latest reviews on the entire DSM framework used in previous years. The model is critical since it captures the contributions of renowned mental health and medical experts from different countries globally. Thus, this latest version incorporates an extensive and rigorous development process with top brains from different countries. Its development began in 1999 with three significant conferences organized by the APA and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).
In attendance were psychiatrists, psychologists, research experts, and mental health experts. DSM – 5 is an improvement of the fourth edition. So, this new version included some new disorders and reviewed the diagnostic criteria for most of the existing disorders. The changes were made based on the latest scientific evidence and findings. They also captured the prevailing clinical needs to review and inform DSM -5.
A detailed description of DSM- 5
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders, fifth edition (DSM – 5) presents the first major review of the DSM, fourth edition since 1994. These changes were informed by neuroscience advancements, clinical findings, prevailing public health concerns and needs, and the existing weaknesses with DSM, fourth edition. Equally important, the changes were triggered by a desire to align the classification system with the International Classification of Diseases requirements. DSM -5 classification was published in 2013 and marked a complete overhaul of the fourth edition of the classification system.
Over the years, the World Health Organization (WHO) availed its unique system for classifying mental health conditions. The model was primarily used for reimbursement purposes and to compile national and international health statistics. However, it was recognized that the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) had particular loopholes that needed to be addressed. For this reason, WHO agreed with APA to publish a similar diagnostic model for:
- To offer more general clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines
- Shed more light on the disorders
However, different research criteria embraced during this period resulted in significant convergence in clinical practice and diagnosis of mental health disorders. The primary goal of the DSM -5 was to address the weaknesses of the fourth edition of the diagnostic model. Likewise, it aimed to capture and incorporate the latest scientific and clinical evidence to offer a detailed understanding of mental disorders.
Consequently, this was geared towards ensuring patients receive the best care possible. The DSM -5 taskforce engaged in robust research to ensure that it got the relevant insights to make the model more proactive and accustomed to the prevailing mental disorders needs. DSM – 5 is always considered an American diagnostic manual. However, it has continued to attract the interest of multiple countries. The framework encompasses mental disorders nomenclature with an extensive explanatory text with a complete reference list.
The significant changes in DSM -5, as outlined by our DSM – 5 Nursing Assignment Helpers at Essay For All
DSM is a widely used manual by clinicians and psychiatrists when tackling mental health issues in the United States to diagnose psychiatric illnesses. It captures all the mental health disorders prevalent in both adults and children. Secondly, the DSM model has descriptions, symptoms, and other criteria necessary for diagnosing mental disorders. The model also has statistics outlining the most affected groups by particular mental health complications, the development of particular disorders, prognosis, and the risk factors associated with various disorders. More specifically, DSM -5 incorporated numerous changes from the previously used fourth edition DSM model.
For example, the numbering system changed from the Roman numbering system to the Arabic system. Equally important, DSM – 5 eradicated the multiaxial system. As a result, DSM -5 outlines disorders and several other related disorders. DSM -5 categories include anxiety disorders, bipolar and related disorders, eating disorders, depressive disorders, etc. Additional changes with this model included the following:
- Unlike the fourth edition, DSM -5 did away with Asperger syndrome as a diagnosis. However, it was incorporated as part and parcel of autism spectrum disorder
- Secondly, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder was incorporated into DSM -5 to reduce the over-diagnosis of childhood bipolar disorders
- It also formally incorporated additional disorders, such as binge eating disorder, hearing disorder, and pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder
DSM is a critical tool in diagnosing mental disorders. However, it requires individuals with extensive knowledge of how to use it. Mental disorders continue to rise at an alarming rate in our modern-day society. As a result, nursing and other healthcare professionals should comprehensively understand these conditions to offer appropriate diagnoses to patients in different scenarios they encounter in their routine jobs. Before diagnosing a patient with mental health disorders, psychiatrists must leverage information from various sources to inform their diagnosis.
Some critical concerns on DSM -5, as outlined by our DSM -5 Nursing Assignment Helpers at Essay For All
The DSM – 5 was developed to address the weaknesses in the fourth edition of the DSM. Thus, the task force responsible for DSM-5 considered it imperative to have a more inclusive approach to diagnosing mental disorders. As a result, the fifth edition of the DSM was developed through a partnership between APA and ICD to incorporate the latest scientific evidence to boost the diagnosis of mental disorders. It also involved different actors and stakeholders like psychologists, psychiatrists, researchers, mental health experts, and clinicians to inform the model.
Other services offered under our assignment help include
- Seizures Nursing Assignment Help
- Self-Management Nursing Assignment Help
- Sepsis Nursing Assignment Help
- Sjögren’s Syndrome Nursing Assignment Help
- Diversity in Health Nursing Assignment Help