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Place your order now and get rewarded with high-quality hypogonadism nursing assignment help solutions by Essay For All Tutors. Hypogonadism is a health condition that results in decreased functioning of the gonads and their decline in the production of sex hormones. Gonads in females refer to the ovaries and testes in males. Hypogonadism can occur from birth or develop later in life from an infection or injury.
Gonads is a term used to refer to sex glands that vary between people assigned to males at birth from people assigned to females at birth. Sex hormones help in controlling the secondary sex characteristics of a person. In males, the hormones help in sperm production, while in females, the hormones play an important role in the menstrual cycle.
Reduced levels of sex hormones in males and females are likely to result in various complications related to the reproductive system, including infertility challenges. It is a condition that, when identified, needs a medical expert’s intervention. If you want to understand hypogonadism better, subscribe to our online hypogonadism nursing assignment help services.
Causes of hypogonadism
There are various causes of hypogonadism. However, it is important to understand the different types of conditions. From our hypogonadism nursing assignment help notes, the different types of conditions are; eugonadotrophic, primary, and secondary hypogonadism. Primary hypogonadism results from a complication of the gonads, causing an inability to produce enough sex hormones. Although the brain signals to alert the gonads to produce hormones, the gonads cannot produce enough hormones.
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On the other hand, secondary hypogonadism starts in the brain and is associated with the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus. They are the main areas that help in controlling gonads. It occurs for lack of gonad stimulation. Eugonadotrophic is specific to people assigned to females at birth. The condition affects the ovaries’ normal functioning, resulting in a complication known as a polycystic ovarian syndrome. Despite having different types of hypogonadism, the main causes of the primary hypogonadism are;
- Exposure to radiation
- Surgery involving the sexual organs
- Kidney and liver disease
- Undescended testes
- Mumps or inflammation of ovaries or testicles
- Klinefelter and turner syndrome
- Autoimmune diseases
Secondary hypogonadism results from;
- Extended use of opioids and steroids
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Rapid weight loss
- Inflammatory diseases
- HIV infections
- Pituitary disorders
- A tumor near the pituitary gland
- Genetic disorders
- Brain surgery
Male hypogonadism is also known as low testosterone, whereby the testicles fail to produce adequate testosterone hormones. Among the possible causes of the condition is a complication in the hypothalamus or pituitary gland and injuries affecting the testicles. In males, sex hormones are vital in regulating sex drive, sperm production, production of red blood cells, regulation of muscle strength and mass, fat distribution, and bone mass. Examples of male sex hormones are testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin, and thyroid-stimulating hormone. There are different names used to refer to male hypogonadism, which includes
- Secondary hypogonadism
- Testosterone deficiency
- Testosterone deficiency syndrome
- Primary hypogonadism
- Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism
The importance of testosterone
Testosterone is among the most significant male sex hormones. It helps to trigger the development of male characteristics. It also facilitates the process of spermatogenesis. Among people assigned male at birth, testosterone helps in the maintenance and development of;
- Bone density
- Adequate red blood cells level
- Muscle mass
- Genitalia and sex organs
- Sense of wellbeing
- Sexual and reproductive function
The blood helps in controlling testosterone levels. For instance, the levels are very high in the morning and keep declining throughout the day; the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus help control the amount of testosterone produced and released by testosterone. According to our hypogonadism nursing assignment help professionals, the gonadotropin-releasing hormone produced by the hypothalamus prompts the pituitary gland to produce luteinizing hormone.
The produced luteinizing hormone moves to the ovaries or testicles to trigger the production and release of testosterone hormones. The important function of the pituitary gland is the production of a follicle-stimulating hormone that aids in sperm production. Whenever the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, or testicles have complications, a person is likely to experience the effects of low testosterone. Low testosterone is common among;
- People with chronic health conditions
- Individuals with obstructive sleep apnea
- Poorly managed type 2 diabetes
- Older adults
- Have HIV/AIDs
Symptoms of low testosterone
Symptoms of low testosterone always vary depending on a person’s age. Since it is common among adults or sexually mature men, some of the warning signs of male hypogonadism are;
- Shrinking testicles
- Loss of pubic and armpit hair
- Reduced sex drive
- Decrease in muscle strength and mass
- Zero or low sperm count
- Hot flashes
- Erectile dysfunction
- Enlarged male breast tissue
- Increased body fat
- Challenges with memory and concentration
- Depressed mood
Children assigned male at birth may also experience low testosterone levels. Some of the symptoms displayed by the children, according to our hypogonadism nursing assignment helpers, are;
- Less voice deepening
- Reduced testicles and penis growth
- Reduced development of pubic hair
- Slowed growth in height with the continued growth of legs and arms, resulting in unproportionality
Female hypogonadism is characterized by inadequate functioning of the ovaries and progesterone and estrogen sex hormones. The two main types of conditions are secondary and primary hypogonadism. Secondary hypogonadism is related to the failure of the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus to function. However, primary hypogonadism originates from a condition of the ovaries characterized as primary ovarian insufficiency.
When ovaries produce low amounts of female sex hormones, it impairs the reproductive system’s function, including the ovaries. The situation may result from certain environmental factors, an autoimmune condition, or a genetic origin. A person with female hypogonadism will likely experience delayed puberty and irregular or lack of menstruation. Besides, the breasts may fail to grow fully. Some of the common symptoms of the condition include;
- Low or reduced sex drive
- Loss of body hair
- Hot flashes
- Milky discharge from breasts
- Slow or absent breast growth
- Lack of menstruation
Low estrogen levels in the body will likely result in further complications, such as an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, it minimizes the risk of breast cancer. Women with low estrogen levels are likely to suffer;
- Delayed wound healing
- High chance of increased wrinkles
- Thin and dry skin
- Loss of thickness, elasticity, and moisture of the vulva hence causing genitourinary discomfort.
Diagnosis for hypogonadism
There are various diagnoses for hypogonadism; the commonly used ones are laboratory tests and imaging tests.
When a patient suspects having low sex hormones and visits a medical practitioner, the common step is performing a blood test. The test helps in assessing the levels of sex hormones. The hormone levels assessed include the luteinizing and follicle-stimulating hormones. The doctor is likely to test for estrogen levels and use an anti-Mullerian hormone test to evaluate the egg count among females.
The doctor uses blood tests to check for testosterone levels among people assigned male at birth. In most cases, the levels are assessed in the morning since it is the time with the highest testosterone levels. Semen analysis is also an important test that helps in investigating sperm count. Low sperm count is likely to confirm the presence of hypogonadism. Additional tests that are likely to be used in the process are;
- Genetic tests
- Iron tests
- Thyroid function tests
- Prolactin tests
Imaging tests have also proved effective when diagnosing hypogonadism. Various imaging tests can be used for different purposes. Order our hypogonadism nursing homework help services for a profound understanding of the application of various imaging tests when diagnosing hypogonadism.
Treatment options for hypogonadism
Since there is female and male hypogonadism, the treatments used are likely to vary.
Treatment for Male hypogonadism
A man diagnosed with male hypogonadism is likely to get gonadotrophins injections that help trigger puberty or increase sperm production. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), sperm donation, or sperm harvesting are also approached that people with primary hypogonadism can use. People who fight with infertility issues resulting from hypogonadism can use testosterone replacement therapy which is always available in multiple forms such as;
Treatments for female hypogonadism
Since female hypogonadism results from the production of low levels of sex hormones, the treatment option is used help to increase the levels of the female sex hormones. The treatment can vary depending on attempts to conceive or the type of hypogonadism, whether primary, gonadotrophic, or secondary. According to our professional hypogonadism nursing homework solvers, adoption, use of a gestational carrier, or egg donation may help people having primary hypogonadism.
However, those with secondary hypogonadism can use follicle-stimulating hormone injections or the human choriogonadotropin hormones to trigger ovulation. Women with low estrogen levels may also get estrogen therapy to supplement the already existing estrogen. There are various cautions to observe when administering the treatment options. Lifestyle changes can also help in the management of the symptoms and effects of hypogonadism in females, which include;
- Avoid alcohol consumption
- Quit smoking habits
- Have adequate sleep
- Effective stress management
- Weight management
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