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For high-quality glaucoma nursing assignment help services, Essay For All expert tutors are ready at your service. Glaucoma is a collection of eye diseases that, when it affects a person, may result in blindness or loss of sight because of the damage it causes to the optic nerve. The symptoms of glaucoma develop gradually, and it is not easy for one to suspect that they have glaucoma. It can only be known if a health caregiver performs a comprehensive dilated eye exam.
Early diagnosis of the disease is essential to prevent further damage to the eyes hence protecting one’s vision. There are different types of glaucoma. As nursing students, you should understand various diseases to know how best to handle the patients based on their problems. We have highly trained tutors with matchless experience in glaucoma nursing. For professional guidance, seek our top-quality glaucoma nursing assignment help services.
Types of glaucoma
Glaucoma exists in different types. It is always essential to have comprehensive information about the disease if you are passionate about it. The different types have other behavior and may require entirely different types of treatment. Based on our glaucoma nursing assignment help professionals, the common glaucoma types are;
- Congenital or childhood glaucoma
- Secondary glaucoma
- Primary open glaucoma
- Acute angle closure glaucoma
- Normal tension glaucoma
- Closed-angle glaucoma
It is a type of glaucoma characterized by a sudden blockage of the fluid within the eye; hence it cannot flow out of the eye. A person with closed-angle glaucoma experiences a severe buildup of eye pressure. Based on Essay For All Tutors, certain medicines and dilating eye drops can cause an acute glaucoma attack. Closed-angle glaucoma is effectively managed or treated with different approaches such as surgery, laser, and medication.
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From our glaucoma nursing assignment help notes, some surgical procedures include cyclophotocoagulation and trabeculectomy. Since there are various types of glaucoma, you can identify closed-angle glaucoma by watching for symptoms such as; vomiting, nausea, and sudden onset of unilateral eye pain.
Normal tension glaucoma
According to our glaucoma nursing assignment helpers, normal tension glaucoma is an eye complication that may result in bilateral blindness. It requires the close attention of the caregiver and treatment administration to ensure risk minimization of visual morbidity from target patients. Normal tension glaucoma may result from overtreated systemic hypertension, nocturnal system hypotension, and migraine.
This type of glaucoma is commonly known as newborn glaucoma. In this case, a child may have enlarged eyes, which may be noticed a month after birth. Congenital glaucoma is characterized by intraocular pressure buildup because of poor eye development. The complications result in the abnormal flow of the aqueous humor.
Hence, accumulation of the pressure over some time destroys the optic nerve. Once a child is born with congenital glaucoma, there is no determined way that can be used to reverse the condition. However, some ways can be used to control the symptoms of glaucoma. Some of the features of congenital glaucoma based on our glaucoma nursing homework doers are;
- Thinning of the iris trophy and anterior sclera
- Opacification and edema of the cornea
- Excessive tearing
According to our professional tutors, secondary glaucoma is any glaucoma resulting from a determined cause of accumulating eye pressure resulting in damage to the optic nerve and loss of vision. There are various symptoms of secondary glaucoma. If a person claims to be having secondary glaucoma, you should look for the presence of symptoms and signs such as;
- Eye redness
- Visible halos around lights
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain in the eyes
- Severe headache
- Patchy blind spots in the peripheral vision
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Primary open glaucoma
This is another type of glaucoma that is very common, affecting most people who test positive for glaucoma tests. It results when the drainage canals of the eyes suffer clogging for an extended time. According to our professional glaucoma nursing homework helpers, some of the risk factors for this type of disease are;
- Central corneal thickness
- Refractive error
- Family history
Causes of glaucoma
Glaucoma is characterized by fluid accumulation in the front part of the eye. Excess fluid causes pressure on the eye and, after some time, damages the optic nerve. Based on Essay For All Tutors, such pressure exerted on the eye is known as intraocular pressure. However, there are also individuals with normal intraocular pressure who develop glaucoma. Naturally, the eyes produce aqueous humor, a special fluid essential for eye nourishment.
Once produced, the fluid travels through the pupil to the front eye. Our glaucoma nursing assignment helps specialists reveal that the fluid leaves through the drainage channels between the cornea and the iris in healthy eyes. Once a person gets glaucoma, there is increased resistance in the drainage canals. That means that the produced fluid cannot be released and accumulates in the eye resulting in eye pressure causing glaucoma.
People at risk of glaucoma
Anyone can develop glaucoma. However, a specific group is always highly vulnerable to developing the disease. For instance, older people are susceptible to developing glaucoma, unlike children or young adults. Ethnic identity also matters. That is why Hispanic and blacks are more vulnerable to the disease, unlike people from other ethnic groups. In this case, these ethnic groups will likely develop the condition irrespective of age. Other people at increased risk of glaucoma are;
- Individuals who have a history of eye injury or eye operation
- Experience migraine headaches
- Suffer low blood pressure
- Have diabetes
- Extended use of steroid medications
- Long-sightedness or short-sightedness
- Advanced age
- Have high eye pressure
- Family history of glaucoma
Symptoms of glaucoma
Once the eye is affected, it is obvious for one to experience some abnormality. Those unusual experiences are the symptoms of glaucoma. Unlike other eye complications, the symptoms of glaucoma develop slowly. It may take a very long time to realize that they have glaucoma. The first part of one’s vision affected by glaucoma is the peripheral vision. Glaucoma may affect one or both eyes. Some of the possible symptoms to look for in a person suffering from glaucoma are;
- Seeing rainbow-colored circles around bright lights
- Blurred vision
- Tenderness around the eyes
- Red eye
- Nausea and vomiting
- Intense eye pain
Diagnosis of glaucoma
Our glaucoma nursing homework doers recommend various ways of diagnosing and monitoring glaucoma. If a patient is suspected to be having glaucoma, some of the tests to perform include;
- Optic nerve assessment
- Visual field test
- Eye pressure test
For profound information on how to diagnose glaucoma, consult our online glaucoma nursing assignment help services.
Treatment of glaucoma
Based on Essay For All Tutors, various treatments can be used to treat glaucoma, which mainly helps manage the underlying symptoms. Effective treatment of the health complication is the one that relieves the accumulating intraocular pressure. Some approaches used in this case are surgery, laser treatment, oral medicines, and eye drops.
When having glaucoma, reliance on eye drops alone never promises improved results. That is why healthcare givers should combine eye drops with oral medications, which should be a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. However, after taking the drugs, glaucoma patients may experience side effects such as kidney stones, stomach upset, depression, tingling in the toes and fingers, and frequent urination.
Whenever diagnosed with glaucoma, the very first treatment to be administered is eye drops. It helps reduce the accumulated intraocular pressure while enhancing fluid flow and eye drainage. The possible eye drop medications to prescribe to such a patient are;
- Rho kinase inhibitor
- Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
- Alpha-adrenergic agonists
- Cholinergic agents
There are specific glaucoma incidences that only require performing a surgical procedure to help lower eye pressure and fluid drainage within the eye. The surgical procedures always vary depending on the type of condition or severity of the glaucoma. From our online glaucoma nursing assignment help notes, some of the surgery used on glaucoma patients are;
- Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery
- Drainage tubes
- Filtering surgery
- Laser therapy
After receiving the surgery, it is vital to continue having follow-up exams to ensure that the healing process continues well. Some of the ways through which people may use to prevent glaucoma risk are;
- Eye protection
- Adhering to the doctor’s instructions
- Understanding the family history
- Undergoing regular eye exams
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