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Make your order now at Essay For All and receive the best GERD nursing assignment help services. GERD refers to gastroesophageal reflux disease. GERD is a long-term disease characterized by the movement of stomach acid up to the esophagus. Hence, a person experiencing the condition suffers frequent incidences of heartburn.
The esophagus helps transport food from the mouth to the stomach in the gastrointestinal tract. Frequent cases of heartburn characterized by up-flow of the acid cause tissue damage. That is why people with frequent incidences of heartburn are likely to be diagnosed with GERD. Various names refer to GERD, including reflux, heartburn, acid regurgitation, acid reflux or acid indigestion.
GERD requires management since, when left untreated can affect the daily life of the affected person. There are various options to consider to manage the symptoms of GERD, which can be medical treatment, home remedies or lifestyle changes. Contact our expert tutors for top-quality GERD nursing homework help services.
Causes of GERD
Stomach acid is essential in the body, especially for the digestion process. However, the reverse flow of stomach acid has negative health impacts on the body. Based on our GERD nursing assignment helpers, the upward flow of stomach acid toward the esophagus results in inflammation which causes the symptoms of GERD.
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Normal functioning of the lower esophageal sphincter muscles is essential. However, any defects in its functioning can cause complications related to GERD. The lower esophageal sphincter muscles naturally relax and open during swallowing to enable food passage.
When the muscles relax and open when it is not the swallowing process, the stomach contents find their way back to the esophagus. That means that the muscle will have failed to play its role. Learn more about GERD by contacting our expert tutors.
Symptoms of GERD
According to Essay For All experts, there are various symptoms of GERD. However, the common complaint among GERD patients is frequent heartburn, which is a burning sensation that feels painful. Understanding the symptoms is very important since it helps the patient explain themselves when seeking medical attention based on their health condition. Knowledge or awareness of the symptoms also helps differentiate GERD from other illnesses with related signs and symptoms. Additional GERD symptoms are;
- Sore throat
- Nausea and vomiting
- Bad breath
- Swallowing challenges
- Regurgitation of the stomach components
- Chest pain
Risk factors for GERD
There are wide-ranging risk factors that trigger the development of GERD. Some of the factors include;
- Delayed stomach emptying
- Disorders of connective tissue, such as scleroderma
- Hiatal hernia
In case a person has already developed GERD, some factors may increase the occurrence of acid reflux. Based on our GERD nursing homework doers, such triggers include;
- Certain medications like aspirin
- Certain beverages like coffee and alcohol
- Eating certain foods, especially deep-fried foods
- Consuming large meals
- Eating late at night
Diagnosis for GERD
The main diagnostic procedures used for people alleged to have GERD include; barium esophageal, manometry, reflux testing and upper endoscopy. A barium esophagogram is commonly used on GERD patients.
It involves the patient swallowing barium, which goes ahead to coat the gastrointestinal tract for easier identification of any abnormality. All the different tests and diagnosis for GERD has a unique application. Seek more information by getting our online GERD nursing assignment help services.
Treatment for GERD
Based on Essay For All Specialists, GERD medication therapy mainly works to suppress acid. The commonly used medications for GERD are proton pump inhibitors, h2-receptors and antiacids. However, there are also over-the-counter medications that can be used to manage the disease’s symptoms.
Proton pump inhibitors
Based on our GERD nursing assignment help professionals, these drugs are very effective in treating GERD. It helps minimize acidity levels within the digestive fluids that engage in reflux. It also helps in minimizing reflux symptoms. It works by blocking the acid production from the stomach lining.
Physicians recommend proton pump inhibitors, especially when the patient’s symptoms are more severe and respond poorly to other medications. There are various precautions for people to take when taking proton pump inhibitors for their GERD symptoms.
That means the drugs should be taken under a medical specialist’s prescription and with close supervision to avoid complications. Extended use of the proton pump inhibitors can result in the development of various complications such as;
- Chronic kidney disease
- Magnesium deficiency
- Increased risk of stomach polyps
- Reduced motility of the gallbladder
- Increased vulnerability to osteoporosis fractures
- Increased pneumonia risk
- Vitamin B12 deficiency
- Chronic kidney disease
H2-receptors, when prescribed on individuals with GERD help to limit the acid levels produced in the stomach by inhibiting histamine production that triggers the production of acid in the stomach. The drugs should be taken based on the doctor’s prescription. One of the benefits of using H2-receptors is that it manages GERD symptoms for a longer time. The medications are in different forms, including powder, liquid, capsule, and tablet.
According to our GERD nursing assignment help professionals, antiacids assist by neutralizing the gastric acid produced in the stomach and provide quick relief for people experiencing the symptoms of GERD. It is only sometimes a must to have a prescription for the antiacids from a caregiver. The medications are readily available over-the-counter. Antiacids are commonly taken after meals to help neutralize stomach acidity and relieve heartburn.
Lifestyle treatment options for GERD
So far, there is no determined cure for GERD. However, there are developed treatments that can be used to manage the disease’s resulting symptoms. Apart from the medications, lifestyle changes are also effective in symptom management.
Based on our GERD nursing homework helpers, lifestyle changes effectively minimize the potential long-term complications or side effects of GERD medication on the patient. Since lifestyle changes have no side effects, the patient will likely enjoy improved life quality. Some of the recommended lifestyles that are healthy for individuals diagnosed with GERD are;
- Wear clothing with allowance around the stomach
- Avoid trigger activities and foods
- Sleep in an inclined position
- Adhere to a GERD-friendly diet
Surgery options for GERD patients
There are severe cases of GERD that hardly respond to other treatment options like medications and modifications of the person’s lifestyle. Therefore, surgery becomes the last option when all other options fail or prove less effective.
However, there are various restrictions or considerations when planning for surgery. No GERD patient qualifies to undergo surgery based on their underlying condition. People who should receive the surgery are resistant to other treatment types, experience severe cases of GERD and must be at least 18 years and above.
The common surgical procedures performed on a patient with GERD are endoscopic procedures and fundoplication. For more information, seek our online GERD nursing assignment help services.
Complications resulting from GERD
Treatment of GERD is essential. It helps to improve a person’s life quality and overall health outcomes. The acid that regurgitates up the esophagus negatively impacts a person’s health, especially if the condition recurs. For instance, the condition will likely cause chronic inflammation, which may have other adverse health impacts.
According to our GERD nursing homework help tutors, chronic inflammation of the esophagus in the event of GERD can cause esophagitis. This is the inflammation of the esophagus tissue. When stomach acid breaks down tissue in the esophagus, inflammation and bleeding will likely result.
Therefore, the affected person will experience pain and difficulty swallowing. Esophageal stricture and barret esophagus are common complications resulting from chronic inflammation of the esophagus.
Prevention approaches for GERD
There are various strategies that healthy people can use to lower their risk of developing GERD. Some measures are to ensure you sleep at a slight angle with the head slightly elevated. Standing upright after eating is also essential. It is never healthy eating a lot of food within a short time.
To avoid GERD risk, people should eat small food portions but at more frequent rates. That means that it is healthy to avoid large meals. After eating, a person should not immediately go to bed. It is healthy to spend 2-3 hours before going to bed. Healthy lifestyles also lower the chances of a person developing GERD.
For instance, engagement in physical activities, weight management practices and refraining from smoking habits lowers the chances of developing or suffering GERD. Refraining from foods that can trigger GERD symptoms is also vital. From our GERD nursing assignment help notes, such food examples are;
- Spicy foods
- Greasy foods
- Alcoholic drinks
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