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At Essay For All, we offer End-Stage Renal Disease Nursing Assignment Help to students who need assistance with their coursework. The end-stage renal disease is a medical condition characterized by the inability of a person’s kidney to function as required. This permanent kidney failure necessitates continuous dialysis or transplant to restore normal kidney functioning or excrete wastes from the body.
In some cases, end-stage renal disease is similar to kidney failure. It occurs due to the gradual loss of kidney function. The condition is an end-stage renal disease because it is a permanent kidney failure. This means that a person’s kidney no longer functions as required to meet the general body’s needs. Typically, the primary roles of the kidney in the human body include the following:
- The primary role of the kidney is waste filtration and excretion of extra fluids from your blood. The fluids are released from the body as urine
- Secondly, it creates balance in the body
Permanent kidney failure is detrimental to the body. For instance, the kidney’s inability to filter wastes and excrete excess fluids from the blood can cause a build-up of the extra fluid and wastes in your body. For this reason, dialysis becomes a must as a temporary measure to filter blood and clear wastes from the body. Some people with end-stage renal disease can undergo dialysis throughout their lives.
On the other hand, some can undergo kidney transplants, where functional kidneys replace the damaged ones. The rising end-stage renal disease cases reported in different countries necessitate the need for nursing and healthcare professionals to understand the conditions to provide proper and relevant care. Unlike other illnesses, kidney failure is a chronic condition. As a result, it demands regular medical attention to help these individuals to lead healthy lives.
A detailed description of end-stage renal disease
End-stage renal disease is usually the final stage of chronic kidney disease, characterized by the kidneys’ inability to function independently. Therefore, kidney patients in this stage must either receive dialysis or undergo a kidney transplant to survive. In most cases, as the condition progresses, patients may encounter varied symptoms. These symptoms include decreased urination or a complete inability to urinate, weight loss, nausea, bone pain, etc.
This condition’s diagnosis includes blood tests, urine tests, kidney ultrasounds, kidney scans, or biopsies. The National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion in the United States outline that more than 15 percent of the adult U.S. population have chronic kidney disease. Most of these conditions are treatable before progressing into end-stage renal disease. The risk factors associated with this condition include the following:
- Kidney decrease affects glomeruli, which are responsible for blood filtration and excretion of wastes from the body
- High blood pressure
- Family history of kidney failure
- Persistent use of medications that can be dangerous to the kidney
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data shows that more than 726 000 United States residents have end-stage renal disease. Most people with chronic kidney disease transition to end-stage renal disease whenever they fail to manage their chronic kidney infections. Chronic kidney disease damages the kidney if not properly checked. In most cases, chronic kidney disease development and its advancement to total kidney failure remain a significant concern in our modern-day society.
Thus, the basic CKD care approaches involve observing the signs to check their progression for medical experts to initiate appropriate intervention measures. In addition, multiple chronic diseases can culminate in end-stage renal disease, where your kidney permanently fails to do its routine jobs in the body.
Causes of end-stage renal disease, as outlined by our End-Stage Renal Disease Nursing Assignment Help Tutors at Essay For All
The primary functions of kidneys include blood filtration and waste excretion from the body. The end-stage renal disease occurs due to CKD progression. The kidney’s ability to perform its routine functions becomes impeded whenever this happens. So, the only remedy for this condition is dialysis or a kidney transplant. Most people have two kidneys, while others have one. The body can still function efficiently with a single kidney. Some of the functions of the kidney in the body include the following:
- First, it filters blood to eliminate wastes, excess fluid, and toxins
- Secondly, the kidney maintains a healthy balance in the body. For instance, it maintains the balance of water, salt, and minerals
- The kidney is also crucial in making hormones to regulate blood pressure, ensure the stability of bones, and create red blood cells to prevent anemia
Kidney disease occurs due to an illness or a condition impairing routine kidney functioning. This can trigger a gradual worsening of kidney damage. In some cases, a chronic kidney condition can continue progressing even after rectifying the underlying condition. In addition, it is also caused by numerous health complications that can damage a person’s kidneys. Kidney damage can occur at once or gradually. Unfortunately, the ultimate end of all these factors is kidney failure. The leading causes of kidney disease include the following:
- An end-stage renal disease might be caused by congenital disabilities interfering with the routine kidney development
- Cysts in the kidneys also cause this condition. This is usually an inherited condition from individuals whose family members have suffered or suffer from polycystic kidney disease
- Another prevalent cause of this condition is type 1 and type 2 diabetes. CDC data shows that diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease in the United States
- Hypertension is another cause of this condition
- Kidney stones
- Extreme urinary tract infections
Nurses’ roles in end-stage renal disease according to our End Stage Renal Disease Nursing Assignment Helpers at Essay For All
End-stage renal disease is a devastating CKD phase since it implies that the patient’s kidneys are permanently damaged and cannot function as required. Thus, it significantly jeopardizes life quality among individuals facing such a condition. This calls for sufficient intervention measures to mitigate its adverse impacts and to ensure patients remain stable. One of the core aims of nursing is improved patient outcomes.
Studies have demonstrated the integral role of nursing professionals in providing care to patients with kidney failure. Secondly, nurses conduct dialysis to purify patients’ blood and artificially remove wastes from their bodies since their kidneys can no longer do such roles. They also manage CKD in hospitals, clinics, and patient homes to ensure it does not progress to end-stage renal disease.
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