You can get quality Ebola Nursing Assignment Help from our seasoned tutors at Essay For All. Ebola virus disease is synonymous with the Ebola virus. It is a rare and fatal disease caused by an infection from a virus. The virus spreads through direct contact with blood and other bodily fluids. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Ebola viruses are primarily found in Sub-Saharan Africa. This is due to the high number of Ebola cases recorded in West African countries previously. The virus affects humans and animals, such as monkeys, guerillas, and chimpanzees. Examples of viruses known for causing Ebola include the following:
- Ebola virus
- Sudan virus
- Tai forest virus
- Reston virus
- Bombali virus
- Bundibugyo virus
However, only the Sudan virus, Ebola virus, Tai forest virus, and Bundibugyo virus have caused disease in people. On the other hand, Reston causes infection in non-human beings, including pigs. The virus became popular in 1976 when it was first discovered adjacent to the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This discovery marked the persistent outbreak of Ebola infections, especially in African countries. Many details regarding the virus remain unknown. For example, scientists are still contemplating where the virus came from five decades after its discovery. However, the available scientific evidence points out animals. These findings reiterate that Ebola is animal-borne, with bats and other non-human primates being the ultimate source. Infected animals can spread the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) to other animals. Secondly, the virus spreads to people through various mediums.
Ebola virus transmission
Previously, EVD was known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever based on its adverse impacts on human health. Generally, the World Health Organization (WHO) points out that the virus is caused by animals, especially primates to human beings, and continues spreading through human-to-human infections. The Ebola virus fatality rate is approximated at 50 percent. This demonstrates the need for nursing students to have a detailed mastery of these concepts to offer appropriate care. Secondly, the fluid nature of EVD calls for adequate precautionary measures to ensure the safety of the medical and nursing care teams attending to Ebola patients. In addition, the Ebola virus causes acute and severe illness in people and can be fatal if left untreated. Scientists think that individuals are initially infected with the Ebola virus when they come into contact with an infected animal. This transmission mode is often known as the spillover effect. The transmission modes include:
- First, the EVD virus spreads through direct contact with mucous membranes in the eyes, nose, or mouth. It also spreads through skin-to-skin contact
- Secondly, the Ebola virus is transmissible through objects contaminated with body fluids like blood, feces, or vomit from a person with Ebola or a body of an individual who died from Ebola
The transmission mode of this infection puts healthcare workers at high risk of getting infected while providing care to EVD patients. For example, they can get infected whenever they encounter such patients without adhering to the recommended control measures. Research also shows that EVD can remain on the surfaces of the body, acting as immunologically privileged sites after acute infections. Furthermore, the presence of the Ebola virus in different body parts varies based on various factors.
Ebola prevention goals as outlined by our Ebola Nursing Assignment Help professionals at Essay For All
Ebola infections pose adverse impacts on human lives. For this reason, preventive measures, including case management, surveillance, and contact tracing, require preventive strategies to curb its spillover effects. Generally, the prevention approaches should strive to do the following:
- The prevention approaches must strive to reduce the risks of animal-to-human transmission. For instance, studies show that EVD spreads primarily through primates. Therefore, animals known to cause this virus requires proper handling using appropriate gear and gloves
- More importantly, the prevention strategies must strive to reduce the risks of human-to-human transmission. This can be achieved by avoiding bodily fluids contact with persons suffering from Ebola or those who have died because of Ebola infections. Thus, nurses require protective gear while providing care to Ebola patients
- Outbreak containment measures are another critical consideration while preventing the spread of these infections. Some of the recommended outbreak containment measures include safe handling of the dead, contact tracing and monitoring the health of such persons for about three weeks, and promoting good hygiene
- Another goal of Ebola prevention is to minimize the risks of possible sexual transmission. The World Health Organization recommends male Ebola virus survivors engage in a safe sexual relationship and prioritize hygiene for at least one year from the onset of the symptoms or until their semen tests negative. EVD transmission shows that contact with body fluids must be avoided as much as possible. As a result, WHO recommends frequent washing with soap and water
- The final goal of Ebola prevention is to mitigate transmission risks from pregnancy fluids and tissues. Most pregnant women who have survived EVD require community support to gain more access to antenatal care. This is critical in assisting them in tackling any pregnancy-related complication to ensure they deliver their newborns safely.
Final remarks as highlighted by our Ebola Nursing Assignment Helpers at Essay For All
The Ebola virus is fatal to humans since it is easily transmissible from one person to another. Over the years, healthcare workers have been vulnerable to such infections while treating patients with EVD cases. The transmission occurs through close contact with the infected persons. The WHO recommends that productive outbreak control measures rely on using safe ways that do not put frontline healthcare workers at risk of getting infected. Research also shows that early supportive care improves an individual’s survival chances. In addition, nurses and other medical staff require protective gear to shield them from possible infections while attending to Ebola virus patients. Secondly, they need to undergo training to understand how to provide care in such instances to mitigate the risks and improve patient outcomes.
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