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Essay For All is where nursing students get top-notch dialysis nursing assignment help. Dialysis is an essential and effective treatment for individuals with kidney failures. Healthy kidneys filter waste products from the blood and eject it from the body as urine. The kidneys also help control the levels of most substances in the blood and hence contribute to controlling blood sugar levels.
However, kidney failure is when the kidney no longer filters the blood as required. Hence, toxins and wastes accumulate in the bloodstream to highly toxic levels. There are multiple causes of kidney failure. However, advanced healthcare technology has helped ensure that individuals with kidney failure may get comprehensive medical assistance to help improve their conditions and overall life quality. For professional dialysis nursing homework help services, place your order now.
Overview of dialysis
Based on Essay For All Tutors, the kidneys help not only in blood filtration but also support a balance of minerals, acids, and water in the body. It also acts as an endocrine system based on the type of hormones it produces. Exposure to kidney disease for a prolonged period may result in impaired kidney functioning hence increasing the chances of kidney failure. If a kidney can no longer function well, dialysis takes most of the kidney’s functioning.
However, it may also help to support the good health of a patient diagnosed with kidney failure while waiting for a kidney transplant. Dialysis entails a doctor creating access to the blood vessels, commonly using a catheter. The tube may be placed into a large vein in the leg near the groin, chest, or neck. However, if a patient requires frequent dialysis, permanent access is achieved by connecting one artery to one vein. If you want to be an expert in dialysis, get professional tips from our dialysis nursing assignment solvers.
Types of dialysis
This type of dialysis entails using blood filtration with the help of dialysis solution using the blood vessels in the abdominal lining. Dialysis solution is of essential importance in the process. The solution’s different additives, salt, and water component helps it serve as a cleansing liquid. Unlike hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis occurs at home through continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and automated peritoneal dialysis.
Based on Essay For All dialysis nursing homework doers, there is always a prior preparation before undergoing the procedure. For instance, weeks before peritoneal dialysis, a minor surgical procedure is done to enable the insertion of a catheter into the patient’s belly into the peritoneum, which remains in the position permanently. For more information on the steps involved in the process and related risks, get our online dialysis nursing assignment help services.
Based on Essay For All Tutors, Hemodialysis entails using a machine to remove blood from the body, directing it to an artificial kidney or dialyzer for filtration before returning the cleaned blood to the body. The procedure happens between 3 to 5 hours. Though it mostly happens in a hospital context or a dialysis center, hemodialysis can also happen at home and preferably at night while sleeping. A minor surgery before the procedure is vital for easier bloodstream access. That is why the healthcare provider may perform an arteriovenous (AV) graft or arteriovenous(AV) fistula.
In this case, the surgeon uses a soft and hollow tube, a graft, to connect the artery and the vein. It mostly applies when the vein and the artery are too short to connect. Arteriovenous (AV) fistula
In hemodialysis, arteriovenous(AV) fistula entails the connection of the vein and the artery in the patient’s arm.
Both procedures help enlarge the connected vein and artery to make the dialysis process more accessible and successful since it also supports a more effortless blood flow. During the Hemodialysis process, the dialysis machine helps to perform various roles. For instance, the machine helps in;
- Monitoring the patient’s blood pressure and adjusting blood flow
- Returning the filtered blood to the body through a different needle in the arm
- Blood circulation through the dialyzer filter
- Removal of blood from a needle fixed in the patient’s arm
There are various effects that a patient may experience after receiving dialysis. Based on our dialysis nursing assignment help experts, the side effects of the process are;
- Restless legs syndrome
- Muscle cramps
- Itchy skin
- Chest pain
- Back pain
Uses of dialysis
Two main situations may trigger the need for dialysis. First, a person diagnosed with acute kidney injury may require dialysis. There are various types of kidney injuries, including intrinsic acute kidney diseases, acute post-renal obstructive nephropathy, and pre-renal AKI. Some causes of kidney injury are organ failure, heart attack, low blood pressure, and fluid loss.
The condition is treatable by recommending dialysis for the patient. Secondly, dialysis is essential for people with kidney failure. Kidney failure is a gradual process that, if going undetected, may result in chronic kidney failure. There is always a chance of late diagnosis since kidney failure may not show symptoms immediately. However, some of the warning signs of kidney failure include;
- Itchy skin
- The increased urge to urination
- Tiredness or fatigue
- Protein in urine
- Blood in urine
- Water retention resulting in edema
- Breath shortness
Best practices for patients under dialysis
During dialysis, there are multiple coping tips for the patient. Dietary changes are highly emphasized to improve the efficacy of the treatment option given. Based on our dialysis nursing assignment solvers, a dialysis patient needs to limit fluid intake and modify specific food consumption. For instance, the patient should limit the intake of foods rich in phosphorous, salt, and potassium. However, eating foods enriched with protein is recommended. However, many precautions are set regarding fluid intake based on the amounts and temperature. Other suggested best practices include;
- Getting enough rest and sleep
- Staying active
- Assessment of one’s mental health
- Be an active part of the treatment plan
Common complications and related risks of dialysis
Though dialysis aims to improve the health of a person battling kidney failure, there are also high chances of facing some risks or complications. There are various precautions that a patient undergoing dialysis should adhere to. The complications that may arise may last shortly since it might be the body’s adaptation to the administered treatment. Nonetheless, the various possible risks include the following;
The common side effect of dialysis is infection through the incision made. For instance, the access point for the catheter may allow the entrance of microorganisms into the bloodstream. An infection may result in symptoms such as chills, fever, accumulation of pus, local pain, warmth, redness, or swelling. However, maintaining optimal sanitary practices and hygiene may be necessary to minimize the infection risk. Besides, antibiotics may help in the treatment of bacterial infections.
Based on our professional tutors, fluid overload is also known as hypervolemia. It is a condition that results when the kidney ceases to remove enough fluid from the body. Therefore, inaccurate calibration of the dialysis machine may result in the persistence of hypervolemia. Therefore, the patient may experience symptoms like;
- High blood pressure
- Swelling of the face, wrists, ankles, and feet
- Breath shortness
- Abdominal bloating and cramping
Hypervolemia, when detected, requires immediate intervention before it results in further health complications such as cardiomegaly, cardiac arrhythmia, and congestive heart failure.
From our dialysis nursing assignment help notes, hypokalemia is when the blood has deficient potassium levels. The condition is alarming since potassium is among the essential electrolytes the body depends on for nerve signals, muscle contractions, and regulations of fluid balance. The dialysis process may sometimes cause a drop in potassium levels. Hence, a person may experience various symptoms such as;
- Heart palpitations
- Muscle cramping
Extreme cases of hypokalemia may cause ventricular or atrial fibrillation, respiratory failure, cardiac arrhythmia, or breakdown of muscle tissues.
Dialysis, especially hemodialysis, flushes out not only excess fluid and toxins from the body but also essential electrolytes needed by the body for optimal functioning. Hence, the process may cause electrolyte abnormalities, posing additional health risks.
Hypotension is a term that refers to low blood pressure, which is a common experience after a patient undergoes hemodialysis. It results after too rapid a removal of fluids from the blood resulting in a significant decline in blood pressure. Hence, the patient may experience wide-ranging symptoms such as;
- Blurred vision
- Clammy vision
- Fainting or dizziness
- Muscle cramps
- Sighing or vomiting
- Abdominal discomfort
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