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Essay For All is a credible online platform offering Chronic Leukemia Nursing Assignment Help to thousands of students globally. Leukemia is a cancer of the body-forming tissues, like the bone marrow and lymphatic system. It involves white blood cells, which protect your body against infections. However, for those with chronic leukemia, their bone marrow produces an excess quantity of abnormal white blood cells, which do not function as required. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is slow-growing leukemia affecting the development of B-lymphocytes.
Under ordinary circumstances, B-lymphocytes produce antibodies that secure your body against infections and diseases. Unfortunately, these lymphocytes transform into leukemia cells in individuals with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Leukemia may affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a blood and bone marrow cancer that worsens gradually. This cancer type is more prevalent in adults occurring during their middle ages. Hence, this disease requires urgent attention.
An overview of chronic leukemia
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a blood and bone marrow cancer that worsens gradually. The bone anatomy encompasses compact, spongy, and bone marrow. Compact bones make the outer part of the bone, while the spongy part is found at the bones’ periphery and contains red marrows. In addition, bone marrow is located at the center of each bone and comprises red and yellow blood vessels. Typically, the bone marrow makes immature blood cells that mature with time. In most cases, blood stem cells may become myeloid cells with time. As a result, these lymphoid stem cells become one of three mature blood cells with time. These include the following:
- Platelets form blood clots to stop bleeding
- Red blood cells transport oxygen and other substances to all the body tissues
- Granulocytes (white blood cells) fight infections and diseases
Furthermore, lymphoid stem cell gradually becomes lymphoblast cell and one of the three types of white blood cells:
- B lymphocytes make antibodies to fight infection
- T lymphocytes work hand-in-hand with B. lymphocytes in making antibodies to fight various infections
- Natural killer cells are responsible for attacking cancer cells and viruses
The symptoms associated with this condition varies based on the leukemia type that a person suffers from. Below are some of the signs and symptoms related to this condition:
- Continuous fatigue and general body weakness
- Persistent fever
- Frequent and severe infections since the body cannot fight infections
- Swollen lymph nodes and broadened spleen
- Severe sweating
- Loss of weight without trial
Chronic leukemia is among the leading death causes globally. As a result, a detailed understanding of this condition remains crucial in helping individuals to avoid the negative impacts associated with this.
Chronic leukemia causes and risk factors, as described by our Chronic Leukemia Nursing Assignment Helpers at Essay For All
Researchers have not reached a consensus on the precise cause of chronic leukemia. However, most evidence insinuates that it arises from genetic and environmental factors. In general, leukemia forms when particular blood cells undergo mutation in their genetic material. DNA contains the cell instructions guiding it on what to do. For instance, DNA tells the cell to grow or die in specific cases.
However, the cell mutations in leukemia instruct the blood cells to continue growing and dividing. As a result, blood cell production becomes out of control. Gradually, the abnormal cells overpower the healthy cells in the bone marrow, resulting in fewer healthy white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. Whenever this happens, leukemia symptoms become evident. Thus, chronic leukemia causes are linked to the following:
- Damage of genes responsible for controlling blood cell development
- Some studies also link this condition to inherited traits in some patients
The risk of developing chronic leukemia in a first-degree relative is seven times higher than the population average. However, screening based on family cancer history is currently not recommended. Besides the underlying causes, chronic leukemia also has multiple risk factors increasing a person’s chances of developing various types of leukemia. They include the following:
|Past cancer treatments||People exposed to chemotherapy and radiation therapy for other cancer types are at higher risk of developing leukemia cancer|
|Genetic disorders||Genetic abnormalities like down syndrome increase leukemia risks|
|Exposure to particular chemicals||Chemicals like benzene, found in gasoline, are associated with a high risk of different types of leukemia|
|Family history of leukemia||If your family members have been diagnosed with leukemia previously, you are at higher risk of developing this condition|
|Smoking||Cigarette smoking increases the risks of myelogenous leukemia|
Chronic leukemia developmental stages, as highlighted by our Chronic Leukemia Nursing Assignment Help professionals at Essay For All
|Stage 0||In this stage, chronic lymphocytic leukemia involves multiple lymphocytes in the blood. However, no signs or leukemia symptoms at this stage. It is also known as the slow-growing phase|
|Stage 1||This stage comprises too many lymphocytes in the blood, and the lymph nodes become more extended|
|Stage 2||In this stage, there are multiple lymphocytes in the blood. The liver and spleen become more prominent than average. Equally important, lymph nodes may be more extended than normal|
|Stage 3||Stage 3 of chronic leukemia development comprises multiple blood lymphocytes with a few red blood cells in the blood. In addition, lymph nodes, spleen, or liver may be more extended than normal|
|Stage 4||This stage also comprises too many blood lymphocytes with too few platelets.|
Treatment types for patients with chronic leukemia
Different treatment types can apply to chronic leukemia. Some of these treatment strategies are the standard recommended, while others are still in the clinical trial phase. The primary aim of clinical trials is to improve standard procedures for treating chronic leukemia conditions. Some of the recommended treatment approaches include the following:
- Watchful waiting refers to a close assessment of a patient’s health condition without offering treatment until signs or symptoms appear or change. So, this process entails keen observation of a patient’s condition. It treats asymptomatic and symptomatic or progressive chronic leukemia
- Targeted therapy can treat chronic leukemia. It uses drugs or other substances to identify and invade specific cancer cells. Targeted therapy is safer than chemotherapy since it does not negatively affect normal cells. Some examples of targeted therapy are tyrosine kinase inhibitor, which blocks the tyrosine kinase enzyme that causes stem cells to produce more white blood cells than the average required by the body.
- Immunotherapy is another treatment approach that relies on a patient’s immune system to fight cancer
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