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To get quality operant conditioning assignment help services, Essay For All promises to deliver high-quality papers to students worldwide anytime you register for our online services and place your order on our website. Operant conditioning, or instrumental conditioning, is a learning strategy that uses punishment and rewards for behavior modification. However, punishment applies to negative behavior, while rewards for positive behavior are encouraged to be repeated.
The operant condition makes creating a link or connection between a behavior and a consequence easier. Most learning institutions have effectively applied the operant conditioning idea to learners. There is an increased number of students taking operant conditioning programs who are yet to realize where they can source top-notch operant conditioning homework help services. Only suffer until the end of the course with an assurance of better grades. Register with our proficient operant conditioning tutors and get professional assistance anytime.
History of operant conditioning
The principal founder of operant conditioning was B.F skinner. Skinner suggested that observing a person’s motivations and internal thoughts to explain their behavior is optional. However, one can consider the external and observable causes of human behavior to understand their resulting behavior.
Operant conditioning is an integral aspect of behaviorism. In contrast, classical conditioning was developed by john b. Watson, B.F skinner was the founder of operant conditioning, which people tend to confuse between the two.
Skinner was unique from other behaviorists of his time by focusing more on the outcomes of people’s actions as influenced by their behavior. Based on our operant conditioning homework help services, operant means a person’s active behavior that occurs in a given context to result in inevitable consequences. The idea of operant conditioning influenced other works of behaviorists like Edward Thorndike, who developed the law of effect, which states that desirable outcomes follow actions and can recur or get repeated, unlike actions having negative or undesirable actions.
Main types of behavior according to B.F skinner in operant conditioning
Operant conditioning aims at rewarding positive behavior while preventing a repeat of negative behaviors. In the process, the behaviorist developed two groups of behaviors to explain the idea of operant conditioning. According to operant conditioning assignment helpers at Essay For All, the two main behavior classifications are operant behaviors and respondent behaviors.
They are the kind of behaviors that happen reflexively and automatically. Hence, it is not required for one to learn such actions or behaviors. Rather they happen naturally as the body’s response to certain conditions.
According to the Essay For All expert tutors, operant behaviors are those whereby people can exert conscious control. Hence, they can occur purposely or spontaneously. No matter the mode of occurrence, the outcomes of the actions determine the frequency or repeat of the actions in the future. Ask for our professional operant conditioning assignment help writing services for further understanding.
The main components of operant conditioning
There are three main components of the concept of operant conditioning that learners undertaking the course should know. If you still need more clarification about mastery of the concepts, why can’t you visit Essay For All of our grade one operant conditioning assignment help services? The concepts include;
Essay For All professional operant conditioning assignment help experts considers reinforcement as an action for increasing or strengthening the resulting behavior. Just like punishment can be negative or positive, reinforcement also exists as negative and positive reinforcement. Negative reinforcements entail removing unfavorable events after a person displays specific behavior.
In this case, one aims to strengthen a response by withdrawing or removing an unpleasant object, event, or outcome. However, positive reinforcements concern the favorable outcomes or events following certain behaviors. Remember to order our well-researched operant conditioning assignment help notes and get deeper insights on reinforcement in conditioning behavior.
When desiring or planning to introduce or trigger new behaviors, it is essential to consider the frequency and timing of the reinforcement. That is why B.F skinner developed various reinforcement schedules that affect any operant conditioning process. The schedules include the following;
· Variable-ratio schedules
The variable-ratio schedule helps reinforce changes. Besides, it is effective in behavior maintenance. In this case, the reinforcement succeeds in various correct or positive responses.
- Fixed interval schedules
- Fixed-ration schedules
- Continuous reinforcement
Punishment is the resulting action to an adverse outcome or occurrence resulting in a behavior decline. Not all punishments are negative. Some punishments are positive. Negative punishment happens when a favorable outcome or event is removed following a specific behavior. Positive punishment presents an unfavorable outcome to weaken the resulting response. Remember to contact our credible operant conditioning assignment doers to learn the impact of punishment on behavior.
Factors determining the efficiency of punishment as a reinforcement strategy
The intensity of the punishment varies with the nature of the mistake. Most children receive mild punishment. However, on rare occasions, does a child receive severe punishments? According to our operant conditioning assignment helpers, most aversive stimuli results in more permanent damage than the average aversive stimuli. It is essential for teachers to apply some of the principles of operant conditioning to understand to what extent to apply and in what situations for better results and reduce adverse outcomes.
In operant conditioning, more consistent punishments followed by mistakes performed by a child become more effective, unlike failure to punish some mistakes.
Timing of the punishment
Whenever a child makes a mistake, it is essential to immediately administer the punishment for the mistake—administering punishments later after the mistake becomes ineffective since the child can hardly modify their behavior to avoid such punishments. Instant punishment makes them conscious of their faults and can easily change.
A person’s adaptation to the punishment
A child needs to differentiate between non-aversive from aversive situations. Continued exposure of a child to a punishment makes them change resistant due to their failure to differentiate between acceptable and unacceptable behavior. Even though punishment can help a child drop some harmful practices, caregivers, parents, and teachers should regulate the frequency at which they subject the children to punishment.
Alternatives to the goal
Teachers and parents, as behavior modifiers, should avoid punishing children for mistakes that lack options. For instance, the practice is likely to result in severe psychoneurotic disorders.
The skinner box
The study of operant conditioning allows understanding the ‘skinner box.’ It refers to the chamber that B.F skinner used for isolating his specimen from the external environment while having a behavior indicator. Ever since many researchers or scientists have also used the concept of the skinner box in their experiments; in most cases, a button or a level can serve as a behavior indicator. Hence, the animal within the chamber can push the used indicator and deliver positive behavior reinforcement.
The skinner box is also known as an operant conditioning chamber. You can opt for the chamber if you want to study animal behavior in a compressed time frame. The skinner box design keeps changing based on the contained animal type and the underlying experimental variables. However, it should at least have behavior indicators such as a key, bar, or level for the animal to manipulate. Since the used skinner chamber design prevents an animal from responding or coming in contact with other stimuli, the researchers can complete their experiments in a much more controlled environment without external factors affecting the outcomes.
Commercial application of operant conditioning
The business world is currently using operant conditioning, such as in video games and advertising. In advertising, the target population is consumers. Marketers, through conducting various market research and investigating consumer behavior, can determine consumers’ reactions to certain products.
The advertisers may use different reinforcement schedules, like the variable ratio. The schedule motivates viewers to constantly interact with a given channel because of some desirable outcomes like winning discounts or placed bets. Hence, more people will switch to channels having desirable outcomes since it serves as their primary motivation resulting in more time spent on the channel.
On the other hand, people developing video games have different ways of applying the operant conditioning theory. They also use variable ratio schedules to reinforce the users’ behavior. Introducing gifts or rewards randomly encourages players to continue engaging in the games hoping for a reward.
In most cases, people start with simpler or manageable levels of the games and become getting into more complex games. Hence, individuals are likely to persevere as they master the skills required for the games, hoping to reach sophisticated levels. Place your concerns on Essay For All and find a tutor to rescue you.
Relevance of operant conditioning in the education sector
The idea of B.F skinner has been very useful in education. Most learning institutions use his idea of operant conditioning. Hence, operant conditioning has succeeded in positively influencing educational practices. Behavior is common among children of all ages, even though they may not display similar behavior. Parents and teachers are the best behavior modifiers for children since they can reward good behavior or punish negative behavior and modify the overall child’s behavior. Teachers in classroom contexts rely on established principles in organizing and arranging classroom experiences to facilitate social and academic behavior.
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