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Make your order now at Essay For All for impeccable Hodgkin’s lymphoma nursing assignment help. Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a form of cancer which targets and affects the lymphatic system. However, the lymphatic system in the body plays an essential role since it is an integral part of the immune system. White blood cells as part of the immune system, helps in fighting against diseases and infections. Hodgkin’s lymphoma is characterized by abnormal growth and division of lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell.
The increased and abnormal multiplication results in swollen lymph nodes. Hodgkin’s lymphoma is genetically acquired. It is more prevalent among adults. Finding treatment in the early development of the disease helps effectively manage the symptoms and control the further spread or growth. Anytime you need Hodgkin’s lymphoma nursing homework help, remember that we are the home of reputable and experienced tutors with top-notch solutions. Place your order now.
General overview of Hodgkin’s lymphoma
The people at increased risk of developing Hodgkin’s lymphoma are those between 20 to 39 years and those aged 65 and above. That does not exclude the chances of teenagers and children suffering from the disease.
The lymph nodes get affected whenever one develops Hodgkin’s lymphoma, especially those in the chest cavity. Hodgkin’s lymphoma can also develop in the lymph nodes around the abdomen, the pelvis, the groin and underarms.
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According to our Hodgkin’s lymphoma nursing assignment help professionals, the disease develops after B-cell mutation. B-cells are the white blood cells responsible for fighting infections. Mutation of the cells results in abnormal cancerous cells known as Reed-Sternberg cells, which appear larger than normal cells.
The cells are characterized by faster multiplication and a longer lifespan than normal cells. There are two main types of Hodgkin’s lymphoma: nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) and classic Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Classic Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Based on Essay For All expert tutors, the classic Hodgkin’s lymphoma is the most common type of Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The common approach medical specialists use in examining this type of disease is assessing blood cells, lymph nodes and related tissues for the presence of the Reed-Sternberg cells. According to our Hodgkin’s lymphoma nursing assignment doers, other subtypes of this type of the disease are;
Lymphocyte-depleted Hodgkin’s lymphoma
This category of Hodgkin’s lymphoma is less common. If it happens, it develops among the elderly who test positive for HIV infection. It is commonly located in the bone marrow, liver, spleen and abdomen.
Nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL)
this type is scarce. However, it affects younger people more than older adults. Unlike Hodgkin’s lymphoma, this lymphoma grows slowly.
Lymphocyte-rich classic Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Though rare, lymphocyte-rich Hodgkin lymphoma develops when lymphocytes divide and multiply abnormally. Some of the symptoms of the disease are weight loss, fever and night sweats. Visit Essay For All for deeper insights concerning other sub-types of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, which are;
- Mixed cellularity Hodgkin’s lymphoma
- Nodular sclerosing Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Causes of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
According to Hodgkin’s lymphoma nursing assignment doers, Hodgkin’s lymphoma results when the body responds by overproduction of white blood cells. Though white blood cells play an essential role in the body, they are only required in adequate amounts. Acquired genetic mutations are some of the leading causes of Hodgkin’s lymphoma. In this case, one is never born with the condition but develops it over their lifetime. Various risks increase one’s chances of developing the disease. Some of them are;
- History of organ transplant
- The family medical history
- Male gender
- HIV infection
- Advanced age
Symptoms of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
It is essential to understand the different symptoms of Hodgkin’s lymphoma to avoid confusing it with other diseases which may have related symptoms. From our online Hodgkin’s lymphoma nursing assignment help notes, the various symptoms of the disease are;
- Itchy skin
- Unexplained weight loss
- Drenching night sweats
- Unexplained fever
- Persistent fatigue
- Chest pain
- Abdominal pain
Stages of Hodgkin’s lymphoma
There are four main stages of the disease. The different stages help doctors understand the kind of treatment to use and the severity of the disease.
When in stage 1, Hodgkin’s lymphoma is limited to a single group of lymph nodes.
The cancer cells at this stage spread, affecting different lymph node groups.
Cancer advances when at stage 3 hence spreading to lymph node groups below and above the diaphragm.
Based on Essay For All Experts, Hodgkin’s lymphoma at stage 4 is characterized by cancer spreading through the lymphatic system. It is available to other organs including the bone marrow.
Diagnosis of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Whenever a person is suspected of having Hodgkin’s lymphoma, a caregiver will perform scans, procedures or tests to identify the source of the problem. The tests also help to determine if the cancer is present and how far it has spread. The standard Hodgkin’s lymphoma diagnoses are;
Positron emission tomography scan
This type of scan involves the creation of pictures of organs and tissues within the body. The test determines the stage of Hodgkin’s lymphoma while assessing the disease’s response to treatment.
Magnetic resonance imaging
Magnetic resonance imaging is a diagnosis that uses magnetic fields to generate detailed images of the body hence effective when testing for Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Computed tomography scan
Hodgkin’s lymphoma is always based on the inner body parts. Computed tomography scan, on the other hand, is always used to take images of inner body parts. A doctor handling a patient with Hodgkin’s lymphoma can use the scan to get 3-dimensional images to identify any underlying defects, such as a tumour or enlarged lymph nodes related to Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Grab the opportunity to learn by choosing our online Hodgkin’s lymphoma nursing assignment help services to learn more about diagnosis and tests for the condition, such as;
- Chest x-ray
- Bone marrow sample
- blood tests
- lung function tests
- laboratory tests
- bone marrow biopsy and aspiration
- medical history
- physical examination
Treatment of Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Though various treatments can be used on people diagnosed with Hodgkin’s lymphoma, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the most common. Chemotherapy can be used alone or in combination with radiotherapy. The developed treatment plan also varies depending on the patient’s age and general health.
The severity or stage of cancer development also determines the treatment option used. According to our competent Hodgkin’s lymphoma nursing assignment doers, additional treatment options for Hodgkin’s lymphoma are surgery, targeted therapy and steroid medicine.
Based on Essay For All Tutors, radiotherapy helps treat Hodgkin’s lymphoma when in its early stages of development. The cancer cells are limited to a single body part in this case. Though the therapy is painless, there are many side effects the patient is likely to experience after the treatment. Some of the side effects of radiotherapy are;
- Dry mouth
- Nausea and vomiting
- Sore throat
- Hair loss
Individuals with Hodgkin’s lymphoma benefit from chemotherapy by destroying the cancer cells. There are various ways through which the treatment can be administered, which depend on several factors. Though a person suffering from Hodgkin’s lymphoma can improve after getting chemotherapy, they are likely to experience various side effects that may be uncomfortable. Side effects of chemotherapy, according to our professional Hodgkin’s lymphoma nursing assignment helpers, are;
- Hair loss
- Skin rashes
- Mouth ulcers
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- The distraction of the bone marrow
The bone marrow has essential roles to play in the body. For instance, it helps produce blood cells, such as red blood cells. That means if the bone marrow gets destroyed by the treatment, a person is likely to suffer effects such as;
- Increased vulnerability to infection
- Easy bruising and bleeding
Patients diagnosed with Hodgkin’s lymphoma will likely be given steroid medicine and chemotherapy. Like other Hodgkin’s lymphoma treatment options, steroid medicine has adverse side effects. For instance, the patient can experience sleeping problems, indigestion, increased appetite or feeling agitated.
Targeted therapies are also known as biological medicines. It is commonly used when another treatment seems ineffective or has more devastating side effects. The medicines work by targeting cancer cells. Seek our online Hodgkin’s lymphoma nursing homework help services for deeper insights into targeted therapy.
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