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Over the years, Essay For All tutors have proven a high commitment to offering students top-quality epidemiology assignment help services. Epidemiology is a discipline that studies how often diseases happen in certain populations of people with supporting reasons. Epidemiologists must gather relevant information to plan and evaluate strategies in areas that have already experienced diseases.
Over the years, the discipline has succeeded in improving global health. For instance, the professionals aim to understand the trends and patterns of disease and injury and determine risk factors while designing effective interventions to improve people’s overall health. The role of epidemiologists must be considered. Diseases can cause significant harm to a population.
However, epidemiologists are committed to investigating any disease upon emergence and determining effective ways of controlling it and preventing future occurrences. Please register for our epidemiology assignment help online and get our professional assistance at reasonable rates.
A background understanding of the epidemiology
The term epidemiology comes from the Greek words epi, meaning on or upon, demos means people, while logos imply studying it. Thus, its root meaning shows the term ‘epidemiology” means studying what befalls a population. However, the most commonly used definition outlines the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations.
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Thus, epidemiology also examines this study’s application to control health problems. This definition captures the integral aspects considered by public health experts. In addition, it captures sound methods of scientific inquiry methods. Equally important, it is a data-driven discipline.
As a result, it emphasizes the systematic and unbiased collection, analysis, and interpretation of data. In most cases, epidemiological methods rely on careful observation and valid comparison groups to outline what was observed. This is why Essay For All exists to help learners complete their coursework.
Divisions of epidemiology
Generally, epidemiology is a basic science of public health. As a result, it stresses two primary issues. First, this discipline focuses on a population’s frequency and pattern of health. Frequency centers on the number of health events—for example, the number of COVID-19 cases reported in an area.
Consequently, the resulting rate assists epidemiologists in comparing disease occurrences across different population groups. On the other hand, patterns refer to the occurrence of health-related events by time, place, and person. For instance, it looks at the interval of various health events. However, it also remains pertinent for students to recognize that there are two epidemiology divisions. These two include:
- Theoretical epidemiology
- Descriptive epidemiology
The classification allows for examining health-related events using different perspectives to understand what transpires in a particular context. The two divisions are discussed below by our epidemiology assignment help experts.
The theoretical epidemiological model is the first division of epidemiology. Generally, it stimulates the process of the epidemic in scenarios under different conditions. As a result, modelling researchers use this framework to analyze the epidemical trend of various health risks, including COVID-19. It also involves studying theories on the population occurrence of phenomena in health sciences.
In addition, the development of statistical frameworks and tools to explain and predict the occurrence of diseases and other health-related events in the population is facilitated through theoretical epidemiology.
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Descriptive epidemiology is the second division of epidemiology. It aims at describing the distribution of diseases and determinants in any area. Thus, it offers the essential parameters for organizing and analyzing your data to ascertain variations in disease frequency among populations by geographical areas within a given period. So, descriptive epidemiology looks at the patterns to unveil the characteristics of a person, place, and time.
However, the characteristics must be carefully evaluated when a disease outbreak occurs. Secondly, the tenets are significant since they provide crucial clues regarding the source of an outbreak. Therefore, it remains pertinent to generate the hypothesis about the determinants of a disease rise by focusing on the characteristics of a person, time, and place. It also looks at the similarities, differences, and correlations. We provide epidemiology exercise solutions through our superior writers at Essay For All. You can contact us whenever you need help.
Importance of epidemiology in public health
Epidemiology plays a very critical role in public health. Based on our epidemiology assignment help experts, the discipline helps;
To enhance health equity
Through extensive research, epidemiologists can spot and address the existing health disparities based on the distribution of diseases and health outcomes among various populations. Some areas or groups of people may show a high frequency of certain diseases, which may be repeated after some time. However, there can be a nearby population with no history of disease outbreaks. Epidemiologists use such trends and patterns to enhance health equity, especially for the affected populations.
Inform public health policy.
Epidemiologists also have an impact on making public health policy decisions. They use the information they gather from people and the community concerning their challenges regarding vulnerability to infections and diseases. The information is used as evidence, especially when pushing to formulate new policies.
In the development and evaluation of public health interventions
Epidemiologists understand the risk factors and the transmission mode for various diseases. Hence, they use the information to design and implement effective public health interventions.
Identification and tracking of disease spread
Every disease has varied levels of spreading. Some diseases are highly contagious, while others spread slowly among populations. In this case, epidemiologists rely on surveillance data to monitor the disease’s risk factors and prevalence.
The leading Epidemiology Branches
Generally, epidemiology investigates the causes of infectious diseases like COVID-19, tuberculosis, malaria, polio, etc. In addition, it also explores different variables affecting the entire population’s physical and mental health. Scholars agree that epidemiology has a broader scope because it addresses various issues affecting a population at any given time. As a result, the course covers different aspects contributing to understanding its entire subject matter.
The good news is that our epidemiology assignment help experts understand different aspects covered under each branch. The various branches covered under this course allow experts to segment and deal with the issues affecting a population based on the prevailing factors and specialization.
However, as a student, it will help if you grasp each branch to know what they deal in. We have your back whenever you desire an in-depth understanding of these factors. Some of these branches include, but are not limited to:
Epidemiology for disasters
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), disaster epidemiology is the use of epidemiology to evaluate the short-and long-term adverse health impacts of disasters. Thus, it allows the prediction of the future effects of a disaster. Disasters imply sudden events that cause disruption, damage, diseases, or loss of life. Generally, most disasters are inevitable. As a result, this epidemiology branch focuses on various topics, including:-
- Infectious diseases
- Occupational health
- Environmental health
- Chronic diseases
Public health officials have a primary role in the disaster. Thus, most use epidemiology to understand the health impacts of a disaster. Hence, it assists in understanding the health consequences of a disaster with the core purpose of preventing it. Equally important, disaster epidemiology also champions situational awareness. For instance, the data gained is crucial in understanding the needs, planning the response, and gathering appropriate resources.
Epidemiology of molecules
Molecular epidemiology uses genetic or molecular markers to trace the development of a disease in a population. In addition, it also seeks to understand transmission, the population structure, and the evolution of bacterial pathogens. Consequently, this branch of epidemiology also emphasizes the involvement of possible environmental and genetic risk factors recognized at the molecular level. It aims to curb sicknesses in different population groups.
Accordingly, this branch of epidemiology assignment help offered by Essay For All focuses on using molecular biology to study epidemiological issues. So, it entails various strategies in molecular biology. These approaches include:
- Polymerase chain reaction
- DNA cloning
- Cell screening
Hence, it allows health experts to assess disease origins and ascertain their influences and agents. We have molecular epidemiology experts to guide you whenever you need help. Additionally, our superior writers know what it takes to deliver outstanding papers. This is what we do.
Classification of epidemiology
It is an epidemiology segment that focuses on the association between environmental factors and human health. In this case, epidemiologists use experiments in the natural environment to determine the causes of diseases. There are multiple approaches deployed by epidemiologists in determining environmental exposures, such as ecoepidemiology, spatial epidemiology and cohort case studies.
Ecoepidemiology explores the environmental exposures that can affect human health by assessing the interactions between people, animals and their natural environment. Spatial epidemiology, on the other hand, uses geographic information systems and maps to understand the distribution of environmental exposures and diseases. Epidemiologists also heavily rely on cohort studies in their professional duties. For more details, get our online epidemiology assignment help.
Chronic disease epidemiology
Based on Essay For All Tutors, chronic disease epidemiology addresses the prevention, determinants, and distribution of chronic diseases among people. Chronic diseases have increased recently, whereby people are reported with diseases without cure. Hence, they need long-term management.
Despite the threats populations face from chronic diseases, epidemiologists are working tirelessly through intervention, analytical studies, and surveillance to understand chronic diseases. This branch of epidemiology has helped in determining the main causes of wide-ranging chronic diseases and hence determining preventive measures that populations may deploy.
Some of the main chronic diseases that affect people include cancers, stroke, cardiovascular disorders and arthritis. The research performed by epidemiologists has proven that the main risk factors for chronic diseases include; poor dietary choices, physical inactivity and excess alcohol consumption and also smoking habits. In the process, chronic disease epidemiologists respond by designing various interventions such as;
- Nutrition programs
- Physical activity programs
- Tobacco control programs
Infectious disease epidemiology
Infectious diseases are diseases that result from microorganisms and parasites. The disease is highly contagious and hence spreads rapidly among populations. Nutritional epidemiology infectious disease epidemiology is concerned with studying the prevention, distribution and prevention of infectious diseases.
Infectious disease can result from microorganisms such as fungi, viruses and bacteria. It spreads from an infected person to a healthy person through contact, air, or even contaminated water or food. The research conducted by infectious disease epidemiologists helps professionals to devise interventions. In case of a breakout, the professionals can announce a quarantine, contact tracing or vaccination programs.
Isolation of the infected people through quarantines helps to minimize further infection rates. However, contact tracing entails identification and following people who came in contact with the infected individuals to limit the further spread of the disease. In global history, some common infectious diseases are the Zika virus, tuberculosis, measles, malaria, and HIV/AIDS.
Reproductive and perinatal Epidemiology
Epidemiologists specialized in reproductive and perinatal health outcomes address health issues such as pregnancy, fecundity and fertility. They also manage the challenges associated with congenital disabilities, low birth weight, and preterm birth. Epidemiologists can collect information from populations about the incidence, prevalence, and mortality of reproductive and perinatal health outcomes.
At times, performing analytical studies helps professionals spot the factors resulting in reproductive and perinatal health challenges. Not all women across different populations are fertile with proven ability to conceive and carry the pregnancy to term. Hence, epidemiologists mat investigate women’s biological capacity to reproduce, also called fecundity.
Low birth weight and preterm birth also occur in some populations. Based on our epidemiology assignment helpers, low birthweight is when a woman gives birth to a child that weighs below 2500 grams. However, preterm birth is when birth happens before 37 weeks of pregnancy.
The challenges associated with pregnancy and birth can be triggered by various factors, such as the mother’s health status, genetic factors, environmental factors, and nutrition, among others. The epidemiologists may intervene by designing prenatal care, nutrition, and tobacco control programs.
Our epidemiology assignment help professionals define occupational epidemiology as the branch of epidemiology that focuses on the determinants and prevalence of diseases among health in a certain population. Not all workplaces are safe for employees. In this case, occupational epidemiologists assess workplace exposures that may harm employees.
Some of the exposures that may trigger negative health impacts among employees are biological hazards, physical agents and chemicals. In case employees operate in risky environments, it is vital to have personal protective equipment.
Occupational diseases have multiple causes, such as hearing loss, lung cancer, asbestosis, skin cancer and depression. The diseases affect the productivity of employees at work. However, occupational epidemiologists recommend interventions such as health surveillance, engineering controls, personal protective equipment, and exposure limits.
Mental health epidemiology
Mental health is among global health concerns that affect people across different populations. Mental health epidemiology seeks to understand the major determinants of mental health and possible ways of preventing or minimizing the prevalence of the disorders among populations.
There are many types of mental health problems. However, mental health epidemiologists have determined that what affects most people are; anxiety disorders, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and schizophrenia. Understanding the popular causes of mental illnesses helps epidemiologists to have effective measures to control the trend.
However, there are challenges that epidemiologists encounter in their research, such as limited information from minority populations and people from low-income households and also a high cost associated with the treatment of mental health conditions.
Increased awareness of mental health disorders is important for the public. It helps to ensure that anyone who experiences mental-health-related symptoms can seek medical assistance as early as possible. Grab a copy of our epidemiology assignment help notes for profound information on mental health epidemiology.
Social determinants of health
When assessing the distribution and prevalence of diseases in a certain population, it is important to consider other factors that may contribute to the situation. In this case, social determinants of health are the factors in people’s environment that affect their health outcomes.
Examples of social determinants of health are employment, physical environment, education, the nature of the neighbourhood, and the people’s social, economic status. Some diseases mostly affect people from low socioeconomic status. For instance, infectious diseases are highly prevalent among low-income households.
On the other hand, chronic diseases afflict mostly people from middle to high-income households. Epidemiologists investigate to find the reasons that result in the pattern. In the process, affluent people are susceptible to chronic diseases because of a lack of physical activity and unconsciousness about food choices. As a result, epidemiologists can design healthcare, environmental and social programs to help different populations overcome the risk of diseases facing them.
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Get outstanding Epidemiology Assignment Help from credible and competent tutors at Essay For All. According to our experts, epidemiology studies the determinants and distribution of health-related events and states within the human environment.
In addition, it also involves the analysis of the various factors influencing such events and initiating appropriate steps to control and curb possible health-related challenges. However, our best custom writers have also ascertained that most students find it challenging to write quality assignments on this topic.
For instance, most students cite the vastness of this specialization. Despite the various hindrances faced by learners while composing assignments, coursework still constitutes roughly 61 percent of your overall grades.
Secondly, our professionals also reiterate the significance of a detailed understanding of this course because it addresses pertinent issues within the human ecosystem. The good news is that we have seasoned writers offering round-the-clock services to alleviate your homework burden.