Essay For All offers Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases Nursing Assignment Help through our seasoned tutors. Over the past years, new infections have emerged, threatening human health and safety. Some emerging and reemerging infections witnessed in the modern era include Ebola, plaque, Middle East respiratory syndrome, etc. These conditions have continued to call for high surveillance among the medical teams to contain their adverse impacts. Generally, a disease is a condition impeding routine tissue functioning. However, each illness has its unique cause. Infectious diseases occur when a host (human being) is invaded by agents whose activities adversely impact the host. Infectious illnesses are known for their negative impacts on:
- Individual health
- Societal well-being
- Economic activities and communities
Emerging infectious diseases are illnesses that have not occurred in human history. However, their emergence affects a smaller percentage of the population in isolated areas. Some emerging infectious diseases have also occurred in the past but have only been recognized recently as unique diseases caused by infectious agents. On the other hand, reemerging infectious diseases encompass massive health challenges in specific regions or globally. In most cases, reemerging infectious diseases might have occurred previously and declined, but the cases have begun to emerge in the modern era, posing a health threat. This condition is usually common with influenza, which has the potency of emerging and reemerging. Most emerging and reemerging illnesses emerge from animals. For instance, studies outline that these diseases emerge from wildlife infecting humans. Some of the infections also emerge in domesticated animals.
More insights about emerging and reemerging infectious diseases, as described by our Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases Nursing Assignment Help
The transmission mode for emerging and reemerging diseases is from animals to human beings through direct contact, droplets, vectors, or food. Other emerging and reemerging illnesses also emanate from drug-resistant organisms. For example, drug-resistant organisms like vancomycin-resistant also cause them. These illnesses arise due to the overuse and abuse of antibiotics. However, it also remains imperative to acknowledge that for the pathogens causing these diseases to become rampant in a community, they must be introduced into a susceptible population group and have the capability of human-to-human transmission. The improved medical surveillance due to advanced technology in our modern-day society has made it apparent that emerging and reemerging illness cases have snowballed over the years. As a result, the recent high surveillance and diagnostic models have been vital in the following areas:
- First, these measures have been central in enhancing outbreak detection globally, making it possible to detect them before they worsen
- Secondly, the advancement in surveillance and diagnostic models allows early implementation of response mechanisms
Furthermore, emerging and reemerging infectious illnesses also have a close nexus with time and place. Research findings have demonstrated that regions in Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America are more vulnerable to these conditions. Therefore, these areas are more likely to witness emerging and reemerging infectious diseases. Equally important, the latest research findings have also outlined that pathogens causing emerging and reemerging infections can easily be introduced to new regions in the modern-day globalized environment. A typical scenario illustrating this is vector-borne pathogens, which have rapidly been dispersed to other geographical areas due to climatic changes and changes in vector distribution. These incidences denote a high possibility of rising infection rates globally. For instance, they can cause pandemics and epidemics putting a lot of pressure on medical teams.
Factors precipitating the occurrence of emerging and reemerging infectious diseases
Different factors trigger the emergence and transmission of emerging and reemerging infectious diseases. Most of these components allow the pathogenic agents to evolve in different conditions and adapt to their hosts easily. These factors include the rapidly growing human population, economic vulnerability by some groups within a community, climate change, etc. The factors insinuate that the prevalence of emerging and reemerging diseases has a close nexus with human activities. The global impact of the diseases is measurable through the mortality rates recorded in different countries. We can also know the global impact of these diseases by evaluating the economic burden they pose to individuals and governments. Generally, emerging and reemerging infectious diseases require financial muscles. A typical example to help us ascertain the impact of these infectious illnesses is the COVID-19 pandemic. The daily reporting in different countries shows constantly rising infections. During the coronavirus pandemic, the following was evident:
- Globally, millions of people got infected
- Secondly, millions of people died because of the COVID-19 infections
- Thirdly, most countries’ economies were devastated because of the containment measures adopted to mitigate and contain its spread
The above highlights show that emerging and reemerging infectious diseases negatively impact individuals and economies. The containment measures put in place by the World Health Organization (WHO) were effective in minimizing the spread of such an emerging disease. Unfortunately, these measures were hurting the economy. For example, millions of people lost their jobs due to the pandemic. Likewise, it halted critical activities in most countries, such as the education sector. Industries, such as the tourism sector, were adversely affected for over a year since travel restrictions, quarantine measures, and cancelling international travel adversely affected the industry. Most developing countries are still trying to compensate for the time lost due to school calendar interruptions by the pandemic.
Additional insights on emerging and reemerging infections as described by our Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases Nursing Assignment Help experts
Generally, emerging and reemerging infectious diseases denote illnesses appearing for the first time in a population group or those which existed previously and disappeared but are currently emerging. Some examples of such illnesses include HIV/AIDS, the COVID-19 pandemic, etc. The modern-day healthcare systems have undergone numerous changes, which have improved the diagnosis and detection of life-threatening and persistent infections. For instance, modern epidemiological surveillance tools and diagnostic models have boosted our healthcare facilities’ efforts to mitigate emerging infectious diseases. Equally important, the advancement of science has also been integral in curbing such incidences. A typical example is how countries responded to the COVID-19 pandemic by producing a safe and effective vaccine that significantly lowered infection rates.
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